Schuman, Robert

(1886-1963)
   political figure
   Born in Luxembourg, Robert Schuman served as a Démocrate-populaire deputy from 1919 to 1940, and as undersecretary of state for refugees from March to July 1940. Deported at the beginning of World War II, he escaped and, after the war, served as an MRP (mouvement républicain populaire) deputy (1945-62) and minister of finances (June 1946-November 1947), then became premier (November 1947-48). He subsequently held the portfolio for foreign affairs (July 1948-January 1953). His ministry was marked by the beginnings of the Marshall Plan (1948) and by the rapprochement between France and the German Federal Republic (France gave up control of the Ruhr). Schuman was, with jean monnet, one of the major proponents of the reconstruction of Europe, helping to establish, through the Schuman Plan, the European Coal and Steel Community and the European Defense Community (Paris Accords, 1952). Faced with the strong opposition of the RPF and the Communists to this latter project, he resigned. As minister of justice (February 1955-June 1956), Schuman dedicated himself to the European movement (1955), then to the European Parliament at Strasbourg (1958). He is the author of Pour l'Europe. See also European union.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schuman, Robert — ► (1886 1963) Político francés. Fue uno de los fundadores del Movimiento Republicano Popular (MRP). Inició el Tratado de la Comunidad Europea del Carbón y del Acero. Como jefe del Gobierno había reconocido la independencia vietnamita e iniciado… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Schuman, Robert — born June 29, 1886, Luxembourg died Sept. 4, 1963, Metz, France French statesman. He was a member of the French National Assembly from 1919. After working in the French Resistance in World War II, he helped found the Popular Republican Movement.… …   Universalium

  • Schuman, Robert —  (1886–1963) Luxembourg born French statesman who devised the Schuman Plan, which led to the setting up of the European Coal and Steel Community …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Schuman,Robert — Schu·man (sho͞o mänʹ, mäɴʹ), Robert. 1886 1963. French politician who served as prime minister (1947 1948) and promoted the economic and military unity of European nations. * * * …   Universalium

  • Robert Schuman — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para el compositor alemán, véase Robert Schumann. Robert Schuman Schuman en 1949 …   Wikipedia Español

  • SCHUMAN (R.) — SCHUMAN ROBERT (1886 1963) Il fut l’un des principaux hommes d’État dans la France de l’après guerre. Né de parents lorrains établis à Luxembourg, après des études dans les facultés de droit allemandes, il entreprit, au lendemain de la Grande… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Schuman — Schuman, Robert Schuman, William Howard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Robert Mann — (born July 19, 1920) is a musician, composer, and conductor.He was a founding member and first violinist of the Juilliard String Quartet for 52 years, and mentor to younger generations of string musicians. Born in Portland, Oregon, Mann began his …   Wikipedia

  • Schuman — (Robert) (1886 1963) homme politique français. Président du Conseil (1947 1948), l un des fondateurs de la C.E.C.A. (1951), il présida l Assemblée parlementaire européenne (1958 1960) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Robert Schuman —  Ne doit pas être confondu avec le compositeur allemand, Robert Schumann ou l homme politique français, Maurice Schumann Pour les articles homonymes, voir Schuman. Robert Schuman …   Wikipédia en Français

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